August 1: Hammurabi’s Code
The origins of “an eye for an eye” date back 3,800 to the Babylonian king in Mesopotamia.
Published: September 2021
The Code of Hammurabi was one of the earliest written legal codes proclaimed by the Babylonian king Hammurabi in central Mesopotamia (present-day Iraq) 3,800 years ago.
The Hammurabi code of laws is a collection of 282 rules written in the if-then form. They established standards for transactions and set fines/punishments to meet the requirements of justice.
Legal Area:- Private Property: Breaking and Entering
Example:- If a man breaks into a house, they shall kill him and hang him in front of that very breach. (#21)
Legal Area:- Family: Adoption
Example:- If a man takes in adoption a young child at birth and then raises him, that child will not be reclaimed. (#185)
Legal Area:- Assault: Injury
Example:- If a man should blind the eye of another man, they shall blind his eye. (#196)
“An eye for an eye.”
Legal Area:- Professional Services: Construction
Example:- If a builder constructs a house but does not conform to specifications and a wall buckles, that builder shall make that wall sound using his own silver. (#233)
Editor’s Note: Want to read more? Continue on Wikipedia.
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